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Bạn Lê Định Trung Tâm, 37 tuổi, Bác sĩ chuyên khoa 1 y tế Cần Thơ, drttdinh21@... cho biết trong quá trình đọc các tài liệu y học của nước ngoài để làm luận án chuyên khoa 2 gặp phải rất nhiều từ viết tắt y khoa mà không hề có chú giải trước đó, nên đề nghị Ban Biên tập Website chỉ dẫn để tiện đọc tài liệu tham khảo.

Ban Biên tập xin trả lời danh sách các cụm từ mà bạn gởi qua địa chỉ email và xin bổ sung danh mục al[habet đầy đủ các từ viết tắt thông dụng trong thuật ngữ y khoa. Điều này rất hay gặp trong thuật ngữ y khoa mà các tác giả hay dùng trong các cuốn cẩm nang (mannual) hay cuốn hướng dẫn (Guidelines) hoặc các đơn thuốc kê đơn do các bác sĩ người nước ngoài sử dụng cho nhanh, gọn. một số khác họ có thể dùng dưới dạng ký hiệu và biểu tượng,…

 

A-a gradient – alveolar to arterial gradient
AAS – acute abdominal series
ABG – arterial blood gas
AC – before eating
ACTH – adrenocorticotropic hormone
AD – autonomic dysreflexia
ADH – anti-diuretic hormone
AF – atrial fibrillation or afebrile
A/G – albumin/globulin ratio
ANA – antinuclear antibody
AODM – adult o­nset diabetes mellitus
AS – aortic stenosis
ASAP – as soon as possible
ASCVD – atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASD – atrial septal defect
ASHD – atherosclerotic heart disease
ASIA – American Spinal Injury Association

AV – atrioventricular
A-V – arteriovenous
A-VO2 – arteriovenous oxygen

BEE – basal energy expenditure
bid – twice a day
BKA – below the knee amputation
BM – bone marrow or bowel movement
BMR – basal metabolic rate
BOM – bilateral otitis media
BP – blood pressure
BPH – benign prostatic hypertrophy
BPM – beats per minute
BRBPR – bright red blood per rectum
BRP – bathroom privileges
BS – bowel or breath sounds
BUN – blood urea nitrogen
BW – body weight
BX – biopsy

C&S – culture and sensitivity
CA – cancer
Ca – calcium
CAA – crystalline amino acids
CABG – coronary artery bypass graft
CAD – coronary artery disease
CAT – computerized axial tomography
CBC – complete blood count
CBG – capillary blood gas
CC – chief complaint
CCU – clean catch urine or cardiac care unit
CCV – critical closing volume
CF – cystic fibrosis
CGL – chronic granulocytic leukemia
CHF – congestive heart failure
CHO – carbohydrate
CI – cardiac index
CML – chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV – cytomegalovirus
CN – cranial nerves
CNS – central nervous system
CO – cardiac output
C/O – complaining of
COLD – chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP – chest pain or cerebral palsy
CPAP – continuous positive airway pressure
CPK – creatinine phosphokinase
CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRCL – creatinine clearance
CRF – chronic renal failure
CRP – C-reactive protein

CRTS – certified recreational therapy specialist
CSF – cerebrospinal fluid
CSW – certified social worker
CT – computerized tomography
CVA – cerebrovascular accident or costovertebral angle
CVAT – CVA tenderness
CVP – central venous pressure
CXR – chest X-ray
DAT – diet as tolerated
DAW – dispense as written
DC – discontinue or discharge
D&C – dilation and curettage
DDx – differential diagnosis
D5W – 5% dextrose in water
DI – diabetes insipidus
DIC – disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIP – distal interphalangeal joint
DJD – degenerative joint disease
DKA – diabetic ketoacidosis
dL – deciliter
DM – diabetes mellitus
DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid
DNR – do not resuscitate
DOA – dead o­n arrival
DOE – dyspnea o­n exertion
DPL – diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT – diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DTR – deep tendon reflexes
DVT – deep venous thrombosis
DX – diagnosis

EAA – essential amino acids
EBL – estimated blood loss
ECD – external continence device
ECG – electrocardiogram
ECT – electroconvulsive therapy
ED – erectile dysfunction
EFAD – essential fatty acid deficiency
EMG – Electromyogram
EMV – eyes, motor, verbal response (Glasgow coma scale)
ENT – ears, nose, and throat
EOM – extraocular muscles
ESR – erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ET – endotracheal
ETT – endotracheal tube

ERCP – endoscopic retrograde cholangio -pancreatography

ETOH – ethanol
EUA – examination under anesthesia

FBS – fasting blood sugar
FES – functional electrical stimulation
FEV – forced expiratory volume
FFP – fresh frozen plasma
FRC – functional residual capacity
FTT – failure to thrive
FU – follow-up
FUO – fever of unknown origin
FVC – forced vital capacity
Fx – fracture

GC – gonorrhea
GETT – general by endotracheal tube
GFR – glomerular filtration rate
GI – gastrointestinal
gr – grain; 1 grain = 65mg
GSW – gun shot wound
gt or gtt – drops
GTT – glucose tolerance test
GU – genitourinary
GXT – graded exercise tolerance (Stress test)

HA – headache
HAA – hepatitis B surface antigen
HAV – hepatitis A virus
HBP – high blood pressure
HCG – human chorionic gonadotropin
HCT – hematocrit
HDL – high density lipoprotein

 

HEENT – head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
Hgb – hemoglobin
H/H – Henderson-Hasselbach equation or hemoglobin/ hematocrit
HIV – human immunodeficiency virus
HLA – histocompatibility locus antigen
HJR – hepatojugular reflex
HO – history of
HOB – head of bed
HPF – high power field
HPI – history of present illness
HR – heart rate
HS – at bedtime
HSM – hepatosplenomegaly
HTLV-III – human lymphotropic virus, type III (AIDS agent, HIV)
HSV – herpes simplex virus
HTN – hypertension
Hx – history

I&D – incision and drainage
I&O – intake and output
ICS – intercostal space
ICU – intensive care unit
ID – infectious disease or identification
IDDM – insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IG – immunoglobulin
IHSS – idiopathic hypertropic subaortic stenosis
IM – intramuscular
IMV – intermittent mandatory ventilation
INF – intravenous nutritional fluid
IPPB – intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRBBB – incomplete right bundle branch block
IRDM – insulin resistant diabetes mellitus
IT – interthecal
ITP – idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IV – intravenous
IVC – intravenous cholangiogram or inferior vena cava
IVP – intravenous pyelogram

L – left
LAD – left axis deviation or left anterior descending
LAE – left atrial enlargement
LAHB – left anterior hemiblock
LAP – left atrial pressure or leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
LBBB – left bundle branch block
LDH – lactate dehydrogenase
LDL – low density lipoprotein
LE – lupus erythematosus
LIH – left inguinal hernia
LLL – left lower lobe
LMP – last menstrual period
LNMP – last normal menstrual period
LOC – loss of consciousness or level of consciousness
LP – lumbar puncture
LPN – licensed practical nurse
LUL – left upper quadrant
LV – left ventricle
LVEDP – left ventricular end diastolic pressure
LVH – left ventricular hypertrophy

 

MAO – monoamine oxidase
MAP – mean arterial pressure
MAST – medical antishock trousers
MBT – maternal blood type
MCH – mean cell hemoglobin
MCHC – mean cell hemoglobin concentration
MCV – mean cell volume
MI – myocardial infarction or mitral insufficiency
mL – milliliter
MLE – midline episiotomy
MMEF – maximal mid expiratory flow
mmol – millimole
MMR – measles, mumps, rubella
MRI – magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA – methicillin resistant staph aureus
MS – multiple sclerosis or mitral stenosis, or morphine sulfate
MSSA – methicillin-sensitive staph aureus
MVV – maximum voluntary ventilation

MUSE – medicated urethral system erection
MVA – motor vehicle accident
MVI – multivitamin injection
NAD – no active disease
NAS – no added salt
NCV – nerve conduction velocity
NED – no evidence of recurrent disease
ng – nanogram
NG – nasogastric
NIDDM – non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA – no known allergies
NKDA – no known drug allergies
NMR – nuclear magnetic resonance
NPO – nothing by mouth
NRM – no regular medications
NSAID – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSR – normal sinus rhythm
NT – nasotracheal

 

OB – obstetrics
OCG – oral cholecystogram
OD – overdose or right eye
OM – otitis media
OOB – out of bed
OPV – oral polio vaccine
OR – operating room
OS – left eye
OT – occupational therapy or occupational therapist
OU – both eyes

P – para
PA – posteroanterior
PAC – premature atrial contraction
PAO2 – alveolar oxygen
PaO2 – peripheral arterial oxygen content
PAP – pulmonary artery pressure

PAT – paroxysymal atrial tachycardia
P&PD – percussion and postural drainage

PC – after eating
PCWP – pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PDA – patent ductus arteriosus
PDR – physicians desk reference
PE – pulmonary embolus, or physical exam or pleural effusion
PEEP – positive end expiratory pressure
PFT – pulmonary function tests

pg – picogram
PI – pulmonic insufficiency disease
PKU – phenylketonuria


PMH – previous medical history
PMI – point of maximal impulse
PMN – polymorphonuclear leukocyte (neutrophil)
PND – paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PO – by mouth
POD – post-op day
PP – postprandial or pulsus paradoxus
PPD – purified protein derivative
PPMS – primary progressive multiple sclerosis
PPS – post-polio syndrome
PR – by rectum
PRBC – packed red blood cells
PRN – as needed
PS – pulmonic stenosis
PSA – prostate-specific antigen
PT – prothrombin time, or physical therapy
Pt – patient
PTCA – percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH – parathyroid hormone
PTHC – percutanous transhepatic cholangiogram
PTSD – post-traumatic stress disorder
PTT – partial thromboplastin time
PUD – peptic ulcer disease
PVC – premature ventricular contraction
PVD – peripheral vascular disease
PVR – post voiding residual

q – every
qd – every day
qh – every hour
q4h, q6h.... – every 4 hours, every 6 hours etc.
qid – four times a day
QNS – quantity not sufficient
qod – every other day
Qs/Qt – shunt fraction
Qt – total cardiac output

R – right
RA – rheumatoid arthritis or right atrium
RAD – right atrial axis deviation
RAE – right atrial enlargement
RAP – right atrial pressure
RBBB – right bundle branch block
RBC – red blood cell
RBP – retinol-binding protein
RDA – recommended daily allowance
RDW – red cell distribution width
RIA – radioimmunoassay

RIH – right inguinal hernia
RLL – right lower lobe
RLQ – right lower quadrant
RML – right middle lobe
RNA – ribonucleic acid
R/O – rule out
ROM – range of motion
ROS – review of systems
RPG – retrograde pyelogram
RPMS – relapsing-progressive multiple sclerosis
RRMS – relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
RRR – regular rate and rhyth
RT – respiratory or radiation therapy
RTA – renal tubular acidosis
RTC – return to clinic
RU – resin uptake
RUG – retrograde urethogram
RUL – right upper lobe
RUQ – right upper quadrant
RV – residual volume
RVH – right ventricular hyperthrophy
Rx – treatment

s – without
SA – sinoatrial
SAA – synthetic amino acid
S&E – sugar and acetone
SBE – subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBFT – small bowel follow through
SBS – short bowel syndrome
SCr – serum creatinine
SCI – spinal cord injury
SCI/D – spinal cord injury and disorder
SEM – systolic ejection murmur
SG – Swan-Ganz
SGA – small for gestational age
SGGT – serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
SGOT – serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT – serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase
SIADH – syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
sig – write o­n label
SIMV – synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation
sl – sublingual
SLE – systemic lupus erythematous
SMO – slips made out
SOAP – Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan
SOB – shortness of breath
SPMS – secondary preogressive multiple sclerosis
SQ – subcutaneous
ss – o­ne-half
STAT – immediately

SVD – spontaneous vaginal delivery
SW – social worker
Sx – symptoms

T&C – type and cross
TAH – total abdominal hysterectomy
T&H – type and hold
TB – tuberculosis
TBG – total binding globulin
Td – tetanus-diphtheria toxoid
TIA – transient ischemic attack
TIBC – total iron binding capacity
tid – three times a day
TIG – tetanus immune globulin
TKO – to keep open
TLC – total lung capacity
TMJ – temporo mandibular joint
TNTC – too numerous to count
TO – telephone order
TOPV – trivalent oral polio vaccine
TPN – total parenteral nutrition
TSH – thyroid stimulating hormone
TT – thrombin time
TTP – thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TU – tuberculin units
TUR – transurethral resection
TURBT – TUR bladder tumors
TURP – transurethral resection of prostate
TV – tidal volume
TVH – total vaginal hysterectomy
tw – twice a week
Tx – treatment, transplant

 

 
Bạn có thể tham khảo thêm trang website sau đây:

Alphabetical Listing of Medical Abbreviations

www.spinalcord.org/resource-center/.../index.php?pg...

List of medical abbreviations - Wikipedia, the free ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_abbreviations

List of medical abbreviations - ‎List of abbreviations used in ... - ‎Medical slang

List of abbreviations used in medical prescriptions - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/.../List_of_abbreviations_used_in_medic...

Acronyms List - Medical Acronyms

www.acronymslist.com/cat/medical-acronyms.html

Common medical abbreviations - GlobalRPh

www.globalrph.com/abbrev.htm

Medical Abbreviation List - Abbreviations and Acronyms

abbreviations.yourdictionary.com/.../medical-abbrev.html

Abbreviations | Doctor | Patient.co.uk

www.patient.co.uk › Professional Reference

Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations: MedlinePlus

www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/appendixb.html

Chúc các anh chi có thêm tài liệu mới để làm bài luận thêm.

Ngày 02/10/2014
PGS.TS. Triệu Nguyên Trung, Ths.Bs. Huỳnh Hồng Quang  

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