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 Malariology Epidemiology
Report on results of the survey of malaria prevalence and mapping of mobilised population in Dak Nong and Dak Lak province in 2016 (Part II)

VI. The result of the survey:

6.1. The result of reviewing the data of malaria patients in the survey

Table 1: The number of malaria patients in 8 communes from 2013 to 2016

.

Commune

Year

Dak Buk So

Quang Truc

Dak Sin

Dak Ru

Ea Huar

Krong Na

Cu M'Lan

Cu K'Bang

2013

13

47

7

7

6

34

13

102

2014

11

44

5

1

3

12

6

52

2015

9

38

1

2

14

16

0

11

2016

4

52

0

1

1

2

0

1

Remarks: The number of malaria patients in 8 communes decreased steadily in each year; but at Quang Truc commune, the number of malaria patients increased in 2016 against in 2015.

6.2. The result of cross-sectional survey

Table 2: Rate of malaria infection in study sites

 

Commune

Index

Dak Buk So

Quang Truc

Dak Sin

Dak Ru

Ea Huar

Krong Na

Cu M'Lan

Cu K'Bang

Total

n

202

202

200

200

200

200

200

200

1604

Malaria parasite

0

4

1,98%

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

0,25%

P.f

0

3

1,49%

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0,19%

P.v

0

1

0,50%

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0,06%

PH

0

0

0%

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Gametocyte

0

3

1,49%

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0,19%

Inflamed spleen

0

0

0%

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Remarks: The cross-sectional survey of migrant population showed that: 4 cases of malaria infection were detected in Quang Truc commune ( with 3 cases of infecting P.f and 1 case of infecting P.v), other communes had no any case of malaria infection. The rate of common malaria infection was 0.25%; the rate of common gametocyte was 0.19%. The rate of malaria infection in Quang Truc was 1.98%; the rate of gametocyte in Quang Truc was 1.49%

6.3. Some of demographic characteristics of the surveyed population

Table 3: Some characteristics about sex, age, education level of the surveyed population

Province

Dak Nong

Dak Lak

Total

District

Tuy Duc

Dak R'Lap

Buon Don

Ea Sup

Commune

Dak Buk So

Quang Truc

Dak Sin

Dak Ru

Ea Huar

Krong Na

Cu M'Lan

Cu K'Bang

n

202

202

200

200

200

200

200

200

1604

Sex

 

Men

102

50,05%

87

43,07%

85

42,50%

81

40,50%

79

39,50%

75

37,50%

76

38,00%

84

42,00%

669

41,71%

Women

100

49,05%

115

56,93%

115

57,50%

119

59,50%

121

60,50%

125

62,50%

124

62,00%

116

58,00%

935

58,29%

Age groups

 

15 - 29

79

31,11%

102

50,50%

37

18,50%

61

30,50%

66

33,00%

81

40,50%

81

40,50%

85

42,50%

593

36,91%

30 - 39

51

25,25%

59

29,21%

57

28,50%

43

21,50

57

28,50%

35

17,50%

50

25,00%

51

25,50%

403

25,12%

40 +

72

35,64%

41

20,30%

106

53,00%

96

48,00%

77

38,50%

84

42,00%

69

34,50%

64

32,00%

609

37,97%

Education level

Illiteracy

4

2,00%

7

3,50%

1

0,50%

21

10,50%

22

11,00%

25

12,50%

90

45,00%

93

46,50%

263

16,40%

Literate

198

98,02%

195

96,53%

199

99,50%

179

89,50%

178

89,00%

175

87,50%

110

55,00%

107

53,50%

1341

83,60%

Remarks: The result of the survey in 8 communes showed that: about sex, the number of women was higher than that men, making up 58.29% and 41.71% respectively; about the distribution of age groups included rate between the ages of 15-29 (36.91%); 30-39 (25.12%) and above 40 (37.97%). The common illiteracy rate in 8 communes was 16.4%; however, there was the difference among communes, including Dak Sin commune (0.50%), high illiteracy rate in 2 commumes of Cu M'Lan and Cu K'Bang, Easup district, Dak Lak province with 45% and 46.5% respectively.

Table 4: The ethnic groups in study sites

Province

Dak Nong

Dak Lak

Total

District

Tuy Duc

Dak R?Lap

Buon Don

Ea Sup

Commune

Dak Buk So

Quang Truc

Dak Sin

Dak Ru

Ea Huar

Krong Na

Cu M'Lan

Cu K'Bang

n

202

202

200

200

200

200

200

200

1604

Kinh

174

86,14%

124

61,39%

182

91,00%

155

77,50%

143

71,50%

89

44,50%

0

0 %

1

0,50%

868

54,11%

Dao

7

3,47%

7

3,47%

0

0 %

0

0 %

2

1,00%

12

6,00%

95

47,50%

83

41,50%

206

12,84%

M'Nong

1

0,50%

40

19,18

0

0 %

30

15,00%

31

15,50%

68

34,00%

1

0,50%

1

0,50%

171

10,66

H'Mong

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

2

1,00%

2

1,00%

0

0 %

52

26,00%

103

51,50%

158

9,85

Nung

2

0,99%

6

2,97%

2

1,00%

0

0 %

7

3,50%

0

0 %

39

19,50%

3

1,50%

59

3,68%

Tay

10

4,95%

15

7,43%

6

3,00%

4

2,00

7

3,50%

1

0,50%

11

5,50

1

0,50%

55

3,43%

Others

8

3,96%

16

7,92%

10

5,00%

9

4,50%

15

7,50%

30

15,00%

2

1,00%

8

4,00%

98

6,11%

 

Remarks: The Kinh people have the highest rate of population in study sites (54.11%), they live in migrant areas of communes such as Dak Buk So (86.14%), Quang Truc (61.39%), Dak Sin (91%), Dak Ru (77.5%), Ea Huar (71.50%). The other ethnic group such as the Dao (12.4%) mainly live in Cu M'Lan and Cu K'Ban communes; the M'Nong (10.66%) live in Krong Na; the H'Mong (9.85%) live in Cu K'Bang; the other ethnic groups have lower rate and live scatteredly in study sites.

6.4. The migrant characteristics of mobilised population

Table 5: Areas where the people lived before they moved to study sites

Province

Dak Nong

Dak Lak

Total

District

Tuy Duc

Dak R'Lap

Buon Don

Ea Sup

Commune

Dak Buk So

Quang Truc

Dak Sin

Dak Ru

Ea Huar

Krong Na

Cu M'Lan

Cu K'Bang

n

202

202

200

200

200

200

200

200

1604

Dak Lak

22

10,89%

37

18,32%

12

6%

4

2,00%

31

15,50%

90

45,00%

58

29,00%

11

5,50%

265

16,52%

Cao Bang

3

1,49%

5

2,48%

0

0%

0

0%

12

6,00%

6

3,00%

102

51,00%

107

53,5%

235

14,65%

Dak Nong

12

5,94%

68

33,66%

7

3,50%

37

18,50%

2

1,00%

9

4,50%

15

7,50%

17

8,50%

167

10,41%

Thai Binh

2

0,99%

2

0,99%

37

18,50%

2

1,00%

111

55,50%

3

1,50%

0

0%

0

0%

157

9,79%

Hai Duong

25

12,38%

13

6,44%

0

0%

12

6,00%

0

0%

0

0%

0

0%

0

0%

50

3,12%

Thanh Hoa

26

12,87%

9

4,46%

1

0,50%

9

4,5%

3

1,50%

3

1,50%

0

0%

0

0%

51

3,18%

Tuyen Quang

19

9,41%

2

0,99%

0

0%

0

0%

0

0%

0

0%

2

1,00%

11

5,50%

34

2,12%

Nghe An

6

2,97%

19

9,41%

1

0,50%

5

2,50%

1

0,50%

8

4,00%

0

0%

0

0%

40

2,49%

Binh Phuoc

6

2,97%

4

1,98%

12

6.00%

14

7,00%

4

2,0%

2

1,00%

2

1,00%

1

0,50%

45

2,81%

Binh Dinh

6

2,97%

3

1,49%

8

4,00%

6

3,00%

2

1,00%

16

8,00%

0

0%

0

0%

41

2,56%

Dong Nai

6

2,97%

1

0,50%

16

8,00%

22

11,00%

1

0,50%

1

0,50%

3

1,50%

0

0%

50

3,12%

Others

69

34,16%

39

19,31%

106

53,00%

89

44,50%

33

16,50%

62

31,00%

18

9,00%

53

26,5%

469

29,24%

Remarks: Before moving to study sites, the migrant population lived in most of 50 provinces/citiesof the whole country. The data at the table 3 listed the provinces which the number of migrant population had the highest rate, including Dak Lak (16.52%) with 2 communes of Dak Buk So and Quang Truc; in Ea Huar and Krong Na, the migrant population came from neighbouring districts and communes; Cao Bang (14.65%) with 2 communes of Cu M?Lan and Cu K?Bang; Dak Nong (10.41%) with 2 communes of Quang Truc and Dak Ru, most of people migrated from Cu Jut district, Dak R?Lap, 2 communes of Quang Tam and Quang Tan of Tuy Duc district; Thai Binh (9.79%), mainly Ea Huar commune. The remaining provinces had low and scattered rate of mobilised people in study sites.

 Figure 2: Map of the provinces having migrant population at study sites

 

Remarks: The colours o­n the map describe rate of migrant population going to study sites as follows:

6.5. The position of the migrant population o­n the map:

Fig 3: Map of the migrant population in 2 distrct Tuy Duc and Dak R'Lap

Fig 4: Map of the migrant population in 2 distrct Buon Don and Ea Sup

Figure 5: Map of the mobile population in 2 communes Dak Buk So and Quang Truc

Fig 6: Map of the migrant population in 2 communes Dak Sin and Dak Ru

Fig 7: Map of the mobile population in 2 communes Ea Huar and Krong Na

Fig 8: Map of the migrant population in 2 communes Cu M'Lan and Cu K'Bang 

Fig 9: Locations of the migrant population in Dak Buk So through satellite image

 

Remarks: The migrant population in Dak Buk So commune live scatteredly in the centre; but some groups live far away from the centre in the East-West. However, the most of them live in the centre.

 Fig 10: Locations of the migrantpopulation in Quang Truc through satellite image

Remarks: The migrant population in Quang Truc live and divide in 6 groups through satellite picture, these group live in the west o­n the map. Most of the migrant population live far away from the centre.

 Fig 11: Locations of the migrant population in Dak Sin through satellite image

Remarks: The migrant population in Dak Sin live scatteredly in the centre of the commune and become a group in the northwest and border Dao Nghia commune in Dak R'Lap.

 

 Fig 12: Locations of the mobile population in Dak Ru through satellite image

 

Remarks: The migrant population in Dak Ru commune live in the southwest and the south of the commune. These areas are far away from the centre.

Fig 13: Locations of the migrant population in Ea Huar through satellite image 

Remarks: The migrant population in Ea Huar commune live scatteredly in the north of the commune and near the migrant population of Krong Na commune; besides, there is a small group living in the west of the commune and far away from the centre.

 

Fig 14: Locations of the migrant population in Ea Huar through satellite image

Remarks: The migrant population in Krong Na commune live scatteredly around the centre of the commune, near the migrant population of Ea Huar comme; besides, there is a small group living in the north of the commune, far away from the centre.

 

 Fig 15: Locations of the mobile population in Cu M'Lan through satellite image

 

             Remark: The migrant population at Cu M'Lan live in a new village (Binh Loi village), far from the centre of the commune 20km eastward.

Fig 16: Locations of the migrant population in Cu K'Bang through satellite image

       

Remarks: The migrant population in Cu K'Bang live in some new villages such as No.14,15,16 village. These villages are near each other o nthe map and in westward, far from the cenre of the commune 15km.

              See Next: Part III

02/06/2017
Written by Dr. Ho Van Hoang
Translated by Vo Thi Nhu Quynh
 

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