Workshop on the result of Vietnam Australia Defence Dengue Project
|Participants to the workshop.|
The Dengue Project between Vietnam Army Medical Units of Army Medical Department (Ministry of Defence) and the Australian Army Malaria Institute has been conducted in the period of 5 years (2005-2010). From 12 to 13 of August 2010, at the Army Hospital 87, the workshop on the result of Dengue Project was held between the partners of the Vietnamese Army Epidemic Prevention Institute and the Australian Army Malaria Institute.
Participants to the workshop included Dr. John Aaskov, the expert of the project; Lt.Gen., Prof. Chu Tien Cuong, Head of Army Medical Department; Major General, Prof. Bui Dai, former director of Army Institute 108; Colonel, Associate Prof. Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Director of the Army Epidemic Prevention Institute, Dr. Trieu Nguyen Trung, Director of IMPE-Quy Nhon; some of leaderships and the staff participating the project of AEPI, Hospital 87- General Directorate of Army Ordnance, Epidemic Prevention Team of Army Institute 13 (Quy Nhon City), Army Institute 17 (Da Nang City), Army Institute 121 (Can Tho City) together with the experts in the field of entomology and clinic research of IMPE-Quy Nhon.
The workshop witnessed the presentations of the research groups on the results of dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF) of Army Institute 17 (Da Nang), DF/ DHF situation of Army Institute 13 (Quy Nhon) and DF/DHF treatment of Army Institute 121 (Can Tho). The workshop also received the reports of Dr. Trieu Nguyen Trung, Director of IMPE-Quy Nhon and Prof. Bui Dai on DF/DHF situation in the world and Vietnam and effective interventional measures to decrease the number of morbidity cases for the community.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), DF/DHF is one of RNA infected diseases which are emergent in the world at present with about 2,5 billion people in high-risk areas. Every year, there are from 50 to 100 morbidity cases and 22,000 deaths out of 500,000 DHF morbidity cases. In Vietnam, in the first 6 months of 2010, there were 13,585 morbidity cases (decreasing by 30.2%) and 17 deaths (4 cases lower) against the same period of 2010; the Southern area had highest morbidity rate with 9,693 cases (-40%) and 12 deaths (-3 cases), but the Central coastal area also had high morbidity rate (96.6%) and the West Highland made up 50.3%, including provinces of Khanh Hoa, Da Nang, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Binh Thuan, Ninh Thuan, Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Nam, Dak Nong, Gia Lai, Dak Lak, Kon Tum; especially Khanh Hoa and Phu Yen announced a dengue fever pandemic in the provincial scale.
Participants to the workshop
According to the forecast, in the last months of 2010, the Central Vietnam enters rainy seasons, so unhealthy environment and unpredictable weather create favourable conditions for the development of the disease, especially high risk of outbreaks on the large scale. There are many difficulties in dengue fever control such as mosquito larvae extermination, insecticide resistance (Deltamethrin, Permethrin, Icon, etc.). However, the insesticide spraying is only a temporary solution; the people have to actively exterminate mosquito larvae around their dwelling, cover water jars tightly so as not to create the condition for mosquito to breed.
In general, the result of implementing the project in the period of 5 years has been contributed to evaluate dengue fever situation in Vietnam so as to give dengue fever control measures effectively for army as well as community.